闽剧+健康教育系列节目(一)预防儿童肥胖

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闽剧+健康教育系列节目(一)预防儿童肥胖

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5月11日是由世界卫生组织确定的世界防治肥胖日。
2017年5月11日《中国儿童肥胖报告》(以下简称《报告》)由北京大学公共卫生学院和联合国儿童基金会联合发布,《报告》指出:

儿童是生命周期中关系身心健康发展的关键时期该时期的营养与健康状况,不仅关系个人以后的健康水平,还将关系整个民族的身体素质和国家的长远发展,更是国家综合实力和社会文明进步程度的重要标志。儿童时期,也是积累人力资本的重要阶段,儿童营养不良必将导致人力资本的巨大损失,直接影响人口的整体素质,继而制约社会经济的发展。

近年来,我国儿童营养与健康状况得到了逐步改善,生长发育水平不断提高,营养不良率逐渐下降。但是,随着我国居民膳食结构和生活方式的快速变迁,儿童肥胖问题也日渐突出。儿童青少年的超重肥胖率自20世纪 90 年代开始上升,目前正处于迅速上升期,一些大城市的儿童肥胖流行程度已接近发达国家水平。儿童期肥胖不仅对其当前的身体发育造成严重影响,而且还将会延续至成年以后,导致成年后心脑血管疾病、2 型糖尿病等慢性非传染性疾病的发病风险增加, 严重威胁人群的身体素质和健康水平,给社会经济发展带来巨大负担,给民族素质的提高造成严重影响。

进入21世纪,我国儿童超重肥胖率不断攀升。2014年,我国7~18岁城市男女生超重肥胖检出率已分别达到28.2%和16.4%,农村男女生分别达到20.3%和12.8%。儿童肥胖已呈现全国流行态势,特别是近年来,农村学生中超重肥胖率增长速度加快。

肥胖是一种多因素导致的慢性代谢性疾病,遗传因素在肥胖的发生发展过程中起到至关重要的作用。有关肥胖相关基因的研究表明,包括FTO等多种基因跟肥胖的发生发展有关。但是,考虑到肥胖相关基因不可能在这么短的时间内发生改变,因此,对于近年来肥胖的快速增长,行为和环境因素起着推波助澜的作用。这些因素包括导致肥胖的环境的变化、行为和生活方式、食物供应和消费以及身体活动的改变是我国儿童肥胖快速增长的主要原因。

随着交通和生活方式的改变,学生乘车上下学越来越普遍,骑自行车或步行越来越少;外加课业负担过重,户外活动减少,儿童在视屏上包括电视、计算机和手机等消耗的闲暇时间越来越长。饮食行为的改变在儿童肥胖的流行中也起着重要的作用。《中国学龄儿童青少年营养与健康状况调查报告2011》指出,我国儿童普遍存在不吃早餐、经常在外就餐、吃零食不合理、 经常过量饮用含糖饮料等不健康的行为。

肥胖本身就是一种疾病,而且还是多种慢性病的危险因素。儿童肥胖的日益增多导致了慢性病低龄化。超重肥胖已成为儿童时期心血管疾病和2 型糖尿病的主要危险因素,超重肥胖的儿童罹患腹型肥胖、糖耐量受损和高血压等的风险显著增加。

导致我国儿童肥胖的因素:

1. 遗传因素:多种基因与肥胖的发生有关,肥胖遗传易感性具有年龄差异,儿童与成人之间存在明显差异。

2. 致肥胖环境对肥胖的流行起着推波助澜的作用:a) 膳食因素:膳食模式不合理,脂肪供能比偏高;能量密度高的食物消费偏高;b) 身体活动不足,静态活动增加:身体活动减少;视屏时间增加;c) 饮食行为不健康:不吃早餐、早餐营养质量差增加超重肥胖发病风险;饮料饮用率和饮用量上升;随在外就餐频率增加,肥胖率随之增加。

3.社会经济、文化因素对肥胖的影响。

4. 肠道菌群与肥胖的关系。

儿童肥胖对健康的危害:

1. 对心血管系统的危害:高血压、血脂异常、心脏结构受损及早期动脉粥样硬化。

2. 对内分泌系统的危害:2 型糖尿病、代谢综合征、青春期发育。

3. 对呼吸系统的危害:哮喘、睡眠呼吸障碍。

4. 其他健康危害:非酒精性脂肪性肝病、运动及骨骼、心理、行为、认知及智力、癌症。

根据中国居民营养与慢性病状况报告分析发现,2002—2012 年间,我国儿童超重肥胖增长率是成人超重肥胖增长率的3.44 倍。据此推算,当学龄儿童超重肥胖率由 2010 年14.6%增长至 2030 年 28.0%,成人超重肥胖率将由 2012 年 42.0%增至 53.2%。2002 年,我国成人超重肥胖率达到29.9%时,所导致直接经济花费为 211.1 亿元。据此推算,至2030 年,由超重肥胖所至成人肥胖相关慢性病直接经济花费也将增至490.5亿元/年。

儿童肥胖的预防与控制需要政府、学校、家庭、社区和企业共同合作,营造一个利于肥胖防治政策执行的社会支持环境。儿童肥胖的政策目标应该是改善环境,教育部门、体育部门、卫生部门和家庭要通力合作,积极参与,在全社会营造健康的、积极向上的良好氛围,提供健康食品,追求健康生活,提高国民的健康水平。

闽剧是现存唯一用福州方言演唱、念白的戏曲剧种。流行于闽中、闽东、闽北等地区。它是由明末儒林戏与清初的平讲戏、江湖戏,在清末(光绪至宣统年间)融合而成的多声腔剧种,俗称“前三合响”,雅称“榕腔”或“闽腔”。闽剧风格高雅、潇洒,道白清晰,唱腔优美,婉转流畅,演员在表演中重视运用手、眼、身、法、步的基本程式,力求展现优美的身段,通过外形体现人物的内心世界。2006年5月20日,闽剧经中华人民共和国国务院批准列入第一批国家级非物质文化遗产代表性项目名录。

2019年7月,《健康中国行动(2019—2030年)》等相关文件出台。《健康中国行动(2019—2030年)》围绕疾病预防和健康促进两大核心,提出将开展15个重大专项行动,促进以治病为中心向以健康为中心转变,努力使群众不生病、少生病。专项行动包括:健康知识普及行动、合理膳食行动、全民健身行动、心理健康促进行动、健康环境促进行动、妇幼健康促进行动、中小学健康促进行动、心脑血管疾病防治行动、癌症防治行动、糖尿病防治行动等。

《创伤与急诊电子杂志》携手福建省实验闽剧院、福建省医学科学研究院联合推出闽剧健康小戏《预防儿童肥胖》。将健康科普知识融入闽剧,使观众在观看闽剧、领略闽剧文化艺术魅力的同时,提高公众的健康素养,贯彻中央预防为主的方针,建设健康中国,节约国家医疗费用;同时创新闽剧这一国家级非物质文化遗产的内容表达,吸引更多的观众,为观众带来精神享受的同时传播医学科普知识。“闽剧+健康教育”这一跨届合作将丰富健康教育的模式,丰富百姓的精神文化和健康知识。

点击观看视频

闽剧健康小戏《预防儿童肥胖》中英文字幕

How to Prevent Childhood Obesity

- A Healthcare Playlet of Min Opera

出品: 福建省实验闽剧院、福建省医学科学研究院联合出品

Produced by Fujian Provincial Experimental Min Opera Theatre and Fujian Academy of Medical Sciences

演出:福建省实验闽剧院

Performed by Fujian Provincial Experimental Min Opera Theatre

人物:贻顺哥、外婆、妈妈、孩子

Roles: Brother Yishun, Grandma, Mom, Child

贻顺哥(唱)    Brother Yishun:

现在政策好,生活也提高。

Good policy improved our life quality.

生活提高营养好, 体重血压血糖也飙高。

Then came the unhealthy eating habits, which result in increasing prevalence of obesity, hypertension and diabetes.

预防营养过剩和“三高”,

Actions are needed to be taken to prevent overnutrition and elevated blood cholesterol, blood pressure and blood glucose.

首先重视“妮子哥”。

The health of child should be top on our mind.

外卖员:  请问5号楼101怎么走?

Delivery man: Could you please tell me the way to Room 101, Building No.5?

贻顺哥:5号楼101,你看见那些跳广场舞的大妈吗?

Brother Yishun: Do you see the old ladies dancing in the square?

从她们那边绕过去就到了。

Just go straightforward and it is right behind them.

外卖员:谢谢!

Delivery man: Thanks!

贻顺哥:不客气!问我啊?我, 马贻顺,前几年开了一间丝线店,生活也算过得去。

Brother Yishun: You are welcome. I, Ma Yishun, opened a silk thread shop and my life can be considered decent at that time.

这几年受了淘宝、京东、拼多多以及抖音网红直播带货的冲击,像我这样的实体经营店也就开不下去了。

However, it's a lot tougher to keep running my business than it was a few years ago, as my business has been challenged by E-commerce such as Taobao, JD.com, Pinduoduo and live-stream shopping in TickTok in recent years.

不过,店虽然没开,我却作了一件更有意义的事——社区健康咨询工作。

Although my shop was shut down, I continued to do something more meaningful, that is, community health consultation.

现在呀全民脱贫致富,生活水平提高,

Nowadays, a massive number of people have been lifted out of poverty and become rich.

可是呀血脂血压血糖也跟着提高,

High cholesterol, high blood pressure and high blood glucose arise along with improved living standards.

特别不该的是儿童肥胖率也“蹭蹭蹭”一路飙高。

In particular, the rate of childhood obesity has also been skyrocketing.

这全民健康不可忽视呀,不说了不说了,我还是赶紧去巡查一下……(下)

The importance of public health cannot be ignored. If you don’t believe it, let’s go and check it out.

外婆:(唱)    Grandma:

熬惊了苦日子, Rough time’s gone.

盼来了好日子。Better life’s come.

就该吃好喝好, There should be no problem

过好日子。      with eating and drinking.

万不能委屈妮子,再过一天苦日子。Not even keep child starving.

孩子:    外婆!

Child: Grandma!

外婆:    命啊,慢点跑,别摔着!

Grandma: Sweetie, don’t rush. Watch your steps.

一头的汗。书包这么重。

You are sweating and the school bag is so heavy!

孩子:    荔枝肉、醉排骨,还有……

Child: Lychee pork, wine marinade pork ribs, and...

外婆:    这鼻子很灵啊。慢点慢点……

Grandma: You are sharp-nosed. Take your time...

孩子:    哇 ,还有炸猪扒 !

Wow, fried pork chop!

外婆:   手还没擦

Grandma: Don’t forget to wipe your hands.

孩子:   还有炒饭

Child: And fried rice!

外婆:   手要擦 注意病从口入

Grandma: Wipe your hands,sweetie. Illness finds its way in by the mouth.

孩子:   外婆,我已经很久没吃饭了!

Child: Granma, I haven’t had rice for ages!

外婆:什么!很久没吃饭,你妈都不给你饭吃!

Grandma: What? How dare your mother not allow you to have rice?

孩子:妈妈说饭吃了会胖,不让我吃!我是两个礼拜没吃饭了。

Child: Mom said that I would get fat if I had too much rice, so she doesn’t allow me to do that! It has been two weeks.

外婆:    啊!丫可怜!那你妈每天都给你吃什么?

Grandma: My poor sweetie! What does your mother allow you to eat?

孩子:吃番茄开会!吃青青草原!

Child: Tomato combo and grass combo.

外婆:什么叫吃番茄开会!吃青青草原!

Grandma: What do you mean by that?

孩子:就是红番茄、黄番茄、粉番茄、小番茄!番茄一家全部到会。

Child: Tomato combo comprises red tomato, yellow tomato, pink tomato and cherry tomato.

还有黄瓜、生菜、茴香叶!就差上盘草!

Grass combo comprises cucumber, lettuce, fennel leaves.

外婆:什么?草!你不是牛不是羊吃什么草?!快点,猪脚炖目鱼快来吃一碗。

Grandma: How dare! You are not cow or sheep, why can’t you eat meat? Have a bowl of stewed sole with pig's feet, my sweetie.

孩子:    要是有可乐就更完美了!

Child: If there is a bottle of cola right now, that will be perfect!

外婆:    你先吃,一会儿外婆给你变出来!命啊!你日日吃草会吃饱啊?

Grandma: I will buy it for you later, sweetie. How could you survive eating like that?

孩子:吃不饱!每天都吃不饱!

Child: Yes! I’m starving everyday!

外婆:饿着多难受!

Grandma: My poor sweetie!

孩子:饿了我就喝水,再饿就睡觉,睡着了就不饿了!李白有一首诗写得好啊。

Child: When I was hungry, I drank water. I kept telling myself going to bed would make me better. Just as a poem says...

外婆:    李白写什么了?

Grandma: What?

孩子:    花间一壶酒,梦里啥都有!

Child: Just go to sleep and dream will give you all you need.

外卖员:  101,你的 外卖到……

Delivery man: Your take-out has arrived.

外婆:    命啊,你猜外婆给你买什么好吃的!

Grandma: My sweetie, guess what grandma bought for you?

孩子:    肯德基!可乐!

Child: KFC! And my favorite cola!

外婆,你知道吗?我早上做梦就梦见吃肯德基了,

You know, in the morning, I dreamed of eating KFC.

一口咬下去把自己咬醒了,你看牙印还没退!

I bit it down and the pain in my arm woke me up. You can still see that tooth mark!

外婆:   (唱)  Grandma:

作愆作愆真作愆,真不应该呀不应该

Jesus christ!I really wanna know why your mum let you eat so little.

我那‘诸娘囝’发了癫。

My daughter really loses her mind

不给孩子饭来吃,

giving solely vegetables to the child everyday.

日日吃草是打算做神仙?

Salvation should not be won in that way!

妈妈:    命啊!

Mom: My sweetie!

孩子:    糟了,我妈回来了!

Child: Oh, my mom’s back!

外婆:    别怕,外婆在,大胆地吃。

Grandma: Don’t be afraid. Just eat. Grandma’s here.

妈妈:妈,你今天怎么来了?

Mom: What brings you here today, mother?

外婆:我若再不来我宝贝外孙都要被你虐待死了!

Grandma: If I don’t come, my grandson will starve to death.

妈妈:    妈,你给他吃肉?

Mom: Mother, you allow him to eat meat?

外婆:    你给他吃草?

Grandma: Better than you only let him eat vegetables.

妈妈:他减肥。

Mom: He is on diet.

孩子:将内将内,这两周我都瘦5斤了!

Child: Quite true! I’ve already lost 2.5 kilograms in only two weeks.

外婆:什么!两周瘦五斤!

Grandma: For God’s sake!2.5 kilograms in only two weeks?

妈妈:  效果很好

Mom: Exactly!It did work.

外婆:  让开 !我就发现最近瘦了很多。莫天理啊!

Back off!I knew it!How ridiculous!

(唱)  虽说“古代”厝里穷,

Badly off as we were,

待你一日也三餐。

three meals a day could be ensured.

就惊你“汉马”不够大,

For fear that you ain’t strong and tall,

没吃猪肺也要炒猪肝。

We offered as much food as we could afford.

如今厝里有条件,

Now that the life is better,

你偏偏装着这款款。

while you made your child eat like a pauper.

让宝贝日日吃不饱,

I know that you are not really that mean,

你难道当真是铁打的心肝。

and your child could have eaten like a king.

妈妈    (唱)  Mom:

就因为条件好、营养好,才让我现在如此不堪。

Unhealthy eating habits comes with growth in the living standard.

妈呀妈……你来看一看,你这宝贝外孙。

Look at your grandson.

身高米六三,一称六八三。

He is too heavy for his height.

长膘的速度已超中国GDP,那惊明年就是二百三。

The weight gain now is skyrocketing and in a short time it will be devastating.

外婆:  (唱)

Grandma:

我不管米六三还是百六三,

I don’t care he is overweight or short.

我也不怕明年二百三。

Nor is he gaining weight more and more.

我只要外孙吃好喝好,

What really matters is that

天大的事情我来担。

my grandson can eat and drink well.

孩子:    世上只有外婆好……

Child: Grandma is the best in the world.

妈妈:    鸡腿放下!

Mom: Put down that drumstick!

外婆:    大胆吃!

Grandma: Just eat it!

妈妈:    不准吃!

Mom: Put it down!

外婆:    快吃!

Grandma: Go ahead!

妈妈:    不准吃!

Mom: Put it down!

外婆:    快吃!

Grandma: Go ahead!

贻顺哥:莫吵!莫吵了!

Brother Yishun: Stop it! Stop it!

外婆:    贻顺哥,进来坐。

Grandma: Come in and have a seat, Yishun.

贻顺哥:你母女俩的对话我都听见了。

Brother Yishun: I’ve heard about everything.

外婆:贻顺哥!你看说我说有错吗?现在不是旧社会,还让孩子饿了睡觉……这还有天理吗?

Grandma: As rough time’s gone, it is ridiculous to leave kids starving. Am I wrong? Yishun.

妈妈:贻顺伯,你评评理……现在孩子是不是不能太肥。

Mom: OK, Uncle Yishun can be a judge. Don’t you think being overweight is bad for child?

外婆:    什么叫太肥,肥是福气啊!瘦 ……

Grandma: Overweight? I think it is a blessing!

贻顺哥:  你母女俩的意思我都理解,不过,你日日让孩子吃青菜,这样做法是不对的……

Brother Yishun: I get what you are talking about. But it is wrong to force child to eat vegetables only.

妈妈:    这!

Mom: I...

外婆:    贻顺哥都反对你的做法,你还敢再拗。

Grandma: Yishun does not agree with you, too. Don’t you dare keep doing this!

贻顺哥:  这日日吃青菜呀,孩子的饮食结构不合理。

Brother Yishun: Eating only vegetables is an unbalanced dietary option.

青菜维生素含量高,但是缺少蛋白和碳水化合物,不能保证孩子的热量供应,

Though high in vitamins, vegetables do not contain proteins and carbohydrate which supply energy to the body.

容易出现营养不良,抵抗力下降。

Such a diet may lead to malnutrition and immunity weaken.

外婆:    你看是不是,还是吃肉好 !

Grandma: You see, eating meat is better than eating vegetables.

贻顺哥:  慢呐,上课!

Brother Yishun: Don't rush to conclusions.

像汉堡、薯条、炸鸡这样的炸烤食品孩子最好不吃,特别是可乐、雪碧这样的碳酸饮料更要少喝。

Children had better not eat fried and grilled food like burgers, French fries, and fried chicken, or drink carbonated beverages like cola and Sprite.

这些食品高能量,高糖份,高脂肪.吃多了会引起儿童肥胖症.

Frequent consumption of such high-energy, high-sugar and high-fat diets can cause obesity in children.

长大后容易引起血压,血糖,血脂升高,严重了还会出现冠心病,高血压,糖尿病等慢性病。

Childhood obesity may lead to elevated blood pressure, blood glucose and blood lipid, which is associated with increased risk of adult chronic diseases such as coronary heart disease, hypertension and type 2 diabetes.

外婆:    啊!阿命, 不要吃了。

Grandma: Oh! Sweetie, stop eating that junk food.

孩子:     我这也不能吃,那也不能吃,那我吃什么啊?

Child: Neither vegetables nor meat, how possible could it be?What else can I eat?

外婆妈妈:是呀是呀,那怎么吃才健康啊?

Grandma: That’s really hard to answer. So what makes up a healthy diet?

贻顺哥:  你们听好了。

Brother Yishun:  Just listen to me.

(唱)儿童肥胖,减肥理当。

For childhood obesity, losing weight is of primal necessity.

盲目节食,有害健康。

Weight-loss diets without medical advice are not recommended.

营养缺失,发育不良。

To be underfed and stunted are not we wanted.

合理膳食,睡眠正常。

Balanced diet and enough sleep,

拒绝零食,饮料不尝。

snacks and drinks are off the list.

不吃宵夜,饮食清淡。

Less fat,lower sodium, night snacks are forbidden.

经常运动,燃烧脂肪。

When exercise is happening, calorie is burning.

树立自信,更加阳光。

As confidence is building, you are bound to be more outgoing.

我们党和国家一直将人民生命安全和身体健康放在第一位。

Our country puts people's health and safety above everything else.

健康是幸福生活最重要的指标,健康是1,其他是后面的0。没有1,再多的0也没有意义。

Health is the primary indicator of people's happy life, without which, everything will be meaningless.

我们做大人的一定要重视起来,

We, as adults, have to arm ourselves with knowledge in this regard.

不要茫然更不能盲目,

Don’t feel at a loss nor go to extremes.

一定要科学饮食、科学减肥、科学运动、科学健康!

Instead, we should eat properly, lose weight sensibly and exercise regularly to stay healthy.

外婆妈妈:会意了,会意了……

Grandma and mom: I see.

孩子:    那这肉……

Child: Then, what about the meat?

妈妈:    可以吃一点……

Mom: Have a little bit.

外婆:    不过要运动!

Grandma: But don’t forget to exercise!

(孩子跳绳)  (The child starts skipping.) 贻顺哥:还好住一楼!

Fortunately,you are in the first floor.

剧终 END


福建省实验闽剧院
福建省医学科学研究院
联合出品(Produced by Fujian Provincial Experimental Min Opera Theatre and Fujian Academy of Medical Sciences)
主创( Creators ofHealthcare Playlet of Min Opera)
总策划:(General director: Hong Zhou)
监制:林大立,林杰,王  羚(Technical director: Dali Lin,Jie Lin, Ling Wang)
艺术总监:(Art director: Qiong Chen)
医学顾问:(Medical advisor: Gang Chen)
编剧:缪小亮(Scriptwriter:Xiaoliang Miao)
导演:林蓓珑(Opera director: Beilong Lin)
作曲:缪小亮(Composer:Xiaoliang Miao)
配器:陈兆和(Orchestrator:Zhaohe Chen)
舞美设计:朱勇祥(Stage designer: Yongxiang Zhu)
司鼓:(Drummer: Yu Lin)
主胡:黄晓玲(Chief Min opera instrumentalist:Xiaoling Huang)
演员表(Cast)
贻顺哥:邓振辉(Brother Yishun: Zhenhui Deng)
外婆:倪爱民(Grandma: Aimin Ni)
妈妈:肖翠云(Mom:Cuiyun Xiao)
孩子:(Child: Yao Chen)
外卖小哥:林硕(Delivery man: Shuo Lin)
字幕翻译:陈研,陈刚(Subtitle translator: Yan Chen and Gang Chen)

闽剧总策划

周虹:现任福建省实验闽剧院院长,享受国务院特殊津贴专家,第23届中国戏剧梅花奖获得者,第16届文华表演奖获得者,国家一级演员,中国戏剧家协会会员。

健康教育医学顾问:

陈刚:国家有突出贡献中青年专家,新世纪百千万人才工程国家级人选,国家卫生计生突出贡献中青年专家,享受国务院特殊津贴专家。

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2021-05-18 00:41:07更新过
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